Havasu Creek - Hualapai Tribal Lands - Arizona
Havasupai is roughly translated as “The people of the blue-green waters,” which refers to the beautiful turquoise color of Havasu Creek. The color of the water is the result of having been stored underground – in limestone caverns or aquifers – for as much as 30,000 years. While underground, the water leaches out minerals, primarily calcium and magnesium, from the limestone. These minerals saturate the water and reflect sunlight, making the water a turquoise color.As the water flows over the ground, it deposits these minerals, which create travertine rock formations along the bottom of the creek. As floods come through and alter the stream bed, the travertine is uncovered and produces incredibly unique formations throughout Havasu Canyon.